Gaja Costa Russi Barbaresco is one of three single vineyard Barbaresco wines produced in only the smallest quantities. The other two Gaja single vineyard Barbaresco wines are the Sorì San Lorenzo and Sorì Tildìn. It is the most inviting and generous of the three Gaja single vineyards. The vineyard was purchased in 1967.
Gaja is simply one of the most famous Italian wine producers. The business was founded in 1859 in Langhe, Piedmont by Giovanni Gaja and it is his great grandson, Angelo Gaja, who currently runs the company. They are most famous for classic Piedmont wines such as Barolo and Barbaresco. Indeed, Angelo has often been referred to as the “King of Barbaresco” and has been responsible for developing techniques that have revolutionised winemaking in Italy. They also make some superb Grappa.
Gaja also produce wines in Tuscany as well as Piedmont and bought their first property in Tuscany called Pieve Santa Restituta in 1994 which was swiftly followed by the second Tuscan property, Ca’Marcanda, located at Castagneto Carducci in Bolgheri, in 1996. Whereas the concentration in Piedmont and at Pieve Santa Restituta is on more traditional wines, the focus at Ca’Marcanda is on international grape varieties (Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Merlot) and “Super-Tuscan” style blends like the Promis and Magari.
Gaja Costa Russi Barbaresco is named Costa, after the Italian name for the “side of a hill”, and Russi which was the nickname of the estate’s previous owner. The vineyard is located in the municipality of Barbaresco just a little bit below the Sorì Tildin vineyard. The vineyard has a south-western exposure and is situated on clayey-calcareous marls. The vineyard covers some 4.35 hactares at an average altitude of 230 metres above sea level and the vines have an average age of 65 years old. After harvest, the 100% Nebbiolo grapes undergo fermentation and maceration for around three weeks followed by ageing in oak for 24 months.